Anchoring Student’s Critical Thinking through a Critical Discourse Approach: Discursive Strategies in a Language Classroom

Abdullah, Fuad and Andriani, Agis Anchoring Student’s Critical Thinking through a Critical Discourse Approach: Discursive Strategies in a Language Classroom. Universitas Siliwangi.

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Critical thinking (CT) has become an essential competency in this current era because it can lead students to construct knowledge and understandings. The development of students’ critical thinking can change students’ emotions, motivation and metacognition. However, Indonesian students tend to be reluctant to think critically, negotiate their ideas and engage in non-traditional classroom contexts. This study utilised discursive-oriented activities based on pedagogical intervention for shaping the students’ CT skills. Theoretically, this study was framed within a Discourse Historical Approach (Reisigl, 2017). The corpora of this study were 98 students’ final project reports on the Introduction to Linguistics course. Such corpora were analysed with Wodak’s discursive strategies (2009), namely nomination, predication, argumentation, perspectivization and intensification and mitigation. The findings revealed that the students can shape their critical thinking through (1) recognizing the applied linguistic research, (2) conceptualizing ideas, (3) collecting relevant linguistic data and other needed information, (4) sharing ideas and providing feedback, (5) creating research reports, (6) consulting and evaluating the initial research reports and (7) presenting the research reports. By deploying critical discourse analysis in English language teaching and learning practices, the teachers can go beyond text analysis and prepare the students to use CT in their lifelong learning. More importantly, these activities do not only foster CT but also critical literacy (CL) and critical pedagogy (CP) required to be an ideal English language teacher.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan > Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris > Artikel Dosen Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris
Depositing User: Lelis Masridah
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2022 03:55
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2022 08:20

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